WORKING TOGETHER TO ADVANCE SPACE DEVELOPMENT



INDEX OF SITE

TRANSPORTATION


 
Starship - SpaceX is building a true spacecraft that will be able to travel to both the Moon and Mars.

 
Tipping Point - What would it take for the Starship to trigger a public-private partnership with NASA?

 
Falcon Heavy - We now have access to a heavy lift vehicle that can be used for lunar return.

 
Lander - Concept for a reusable lunar lander based upon the Centaur upper stage.

 
Gym - Full-scale mock-up of the above lunar lander.

 
XEUS - ULA's XEUS lunar lander concept.

 
Terrestrial Demonstrator - Masten could develop and fly a full-scale lunar demonstrator for only about $20 M and in 1.5-2 years.

 
Gateway - NASA is pursuing a mini-station in lunar orbit. Is it necessary or can we return to the Moon without it?

INFRASTRUCTURE


 
Resources - We know where the ice, organics, metals and other resources are on the Moon.

 
Cislunar One - Concept for linking solar drapes to telerobotic operation on the floor of a permanently-shadowed crater.

 
Solar Drapes - Minimal mass of supporting structure for maximum solar power generation.

 
Harvester - Concept for an all-in-one telerobot that harvests icy regolith, steams, and distills water for propellant.

 
Environment - The telerobots would need to first be developed in labs with conditions like what they'll find on the Moon.

 
UniHab - Concept for a large, flat-roofed inflatable habitat for a shielded, turnkey facility.

 
Centrifuge - A low-mass centrifuge composed of a carbon fiber truss and swiveling chambers.

 
Greenhouse - University of Arizona - Tucson has been working on a lunar greenhouse concept.

 
Algae - Algae for fish food could be grown using this drape system.

CREW AND THEIR HEALTH


 
Crew - An historic, initial crew of eight (four couples) with a variety of skills, backgrounds, and talents.

 
History - The first humans beginning to move off Earth indefinitely would be hugely historic...if done right.

 
Extended Stay - By extending their stay, transport costs are reduced and the risk of crew rotations can be reduced.

 
First Woman - When the first woman steps foot on the Moon, it will be a historic moment.

 
Space Suit - Wouldn't it be cool to develop a costume looking like this space suit?

 
Dog - The most popular crew member of the Initial Team will be the dog!

 
TV Series - Imagine tuning into a TV show coming live from the Moon. What amazing thing will they do next?

 
Virtual Reality - When we return to the Moon, people on Earth could pay for the experience of practically being there during these historic events.

 
Inspiration - Hundreds of millions of young people will be watching as people begin to move off Earth.

 
Languages - If language was a primary selection criterium, the initial crew of eight would be able to speak to about 70% of the world's population.

 
Artificial Gravity - Proposed protocol for the development of an artificial gravity prescription in the least amount of time.

 
Radiation - There are solutions for the challenge of radiation in the different settings.

 
Hydrostatic - Concept for how an Earth-equivalent environment could be approximated using an indoor centrifuge.

 
Food - Hydroponic food will need the nutritional needs of the crew.

 
Psychology - Small habitats could lead to cabin fever, affairs, and divorces. How can these be prevented?

 
Dance - In 1/6th gravity dance will be an entirely new thing.

 
Dust - Lunar dust is a real challenge. How could it be handled?

 
Revenue - There is a clear path for how each phase of lunar development can be funded.


INTERNATIONAL LUNAR EXPLORATION PHASE


 
Site List - A spreadsheet of newsworthy sites, habitats, and activities on the Moon.

 
Lunar Sites - A web page with the newsworthy sites organized.

 
Lunar Pits - Lunar lava pits and tubes.

 
Arch - Yes, there actually is one natural arch on the Moon.

 
Magnetic Patterns - Magnetic patters imprinted on the lunar surface.

 
Irregular Patches - Strange, possibly volcanic patterns on the surface of the Moon.

 
Tycho Crater - One of the most noteworthy craters on the Moon has a singular, large boulder right on top of its central peak.

 
Affordability - With an end-to-end commercial transport system to the lunar surface, between 66% and 100% of countries could afford a mission of lunar exploration.

 
Roads - Telerobots could create a network of basic roads for rovers, cargo, and crew.

 
Preservation - As various countries take their first steps on the Moon, how will all of the artifacts be preserved?


MARS DEVELOPMENT


 
Starship - It seems likely that SpaceX's Starship will be the rocket used to develop and settle Mars.

 
Tipping Point - Support for Starship should happen when Starship achieves orbit and the Super Heavy is recovered.

 
Moon vs Mars - Given the relevant factors, it appears that Mars will be developed and settled shortly after the Moon is.

 
Initial Mars - Early missions to Mars will emphasize the development of local resources to reduce cargo missions.

 
Martian ISRU - Different approaches will be used for harvesting and processing resources on Mars compared to the Moon.

 
Mars Exploration - Like on the Moon there will be a large, profitable, and useful International Mars Exploration Phase.

 
Settlement - Martian settlement will be mostly like lunar settlement with retirees forming the bulk of settlers.

 
Earth Independence - Achieving Earth independence on Mars will be easier but not sooner than doing so on the Moon.

 
Countries on Mars - It seems likely that as the population of Mars grows, eventually people of different languages will want their own countries.

 
Mars Roads - One might even imagine where Martian roads would be built to connect major points of interests and capitol cities.

 
Paraterraforming - Paraterraforming will be a much, much more rapid approach to providing Earth-like environments.

ACHIEVING EARTH INDEPENDENCE


 
Videos - Watch the series of YouTube videos on this topic.

 
What is AEI - Earth independence is calculated by measuring how much mass no longer needs to be shipped as the base produces things for itself.

 
Resources - It appears that all of the necessary resources needed for Earth independence is present on the Moon and likely Mars.

 
Periodic Table - Needs - The elemental needs for human survival.

 
Periodic Table - Sources - The lunar sources of the essential elements.

 
Metals - How can we get metals on the Moon and transform them into usable forms?

 
Machining - It is complex, but we have a good idea of the source of metals and how to melt, cast, and machine it into parts.

 
Chemistry - The source of organics is well known on both the Moon and Mars. Producing things like plastics is fairly straightforward.

 
Artificial Gravity - Will partial gravity be sufficient for generational reproduction. If not, hopefully artificial gravity will help.

 
Habitats - Obviously, to survive long term, the colony will have to produce its own habitats. How can this be done?.

 
Food - It's very complex but hydroponics seems to be up to the job to produce all of the food that self-sustaining colonists will need.

 
Nutrition - An Earth independent base would need to meet the nutritional and culinary needs of its crew. How?.

 
Power - Excellent laboratory work has been done demonstrating that solar cells can be produced from known lunar material.

 
Electronics - Shipping a "sufficient supply" of electronics would buy time to implement protocols to produce good enough electronics.

 
Genetics - Studies show that frozen embryos are viable for decades and perhaps longer.

 
Information - What information will the colonists need and how best to store and retrieve it?.

 
Escape & Quarantine - Surviving is one thing. But ultimately, humanity will have to spread yet further.

 
xRisks - Complete Earth independence will ensure that humanity survives self-replicating technology.

 
The MMAB - OK. How do advocates go from theorizing Earth independence to demonstrating it starting with an analogue base?

SETTLEMENT


 
Responsibility - Is NASA responsible for space settlement or is this a private matter -- or both?

 
Location - Where should the first settlement be located?

 
How Soon? Settlement can start small and much sooner than most realize.

 
Master Plan - How will things logically develop until space settlement starts?

 
Population Growth - A large settlement can be established by increasing the number of launches and passengers per launch.

 
Retirement - Retirees make excellent settlers because of their savings and freedom from child rearing and occupational responsibilities.

 
Motivation - Given how wonderful Earth already is, what would motivate people to want to move off Earth?

 
Medical - How could the medical needs of a growing base / settlement be met?

 
Quality of Life - In order to attract settlers, the settlement needs to be attractive. How can this be done?

 
Countries - As the settlement grows, eventually people groups will start to emerge ultimately leading to political independence.

SPACE POLICY


 
Legacy - An administration could have the historic distinction of starting when humanity started moving beyond Earth.

 
Leadership - By opening the Moon to all nations, the United States can greatly magnify its current leadership in space.

 
Private Workers - For historic reasons, the Initial Crew should be private company workers rather than NASA astronauts.

 
Lunar COTS - The Moon should be developed using a set of public-private programs.

 
International COTS - The United States should challenge other countries to fund their own companies to compete with ours.

 
Tipping Point - What would it take for the Starship to trigger a public-private partnership with NASA?

 
Early Mars - It should be the policy for us to do a Mars mission as soon as possible while developing the Moon.

 
Commercial Space - Commercial space is good provided that it doesn't tie up funding for the most important goals.

 
Commercial LEO - There is a danger in NASA funding the unsuccessful commercial development of Low Earth Orbit.

 
Funding - Each phase of lunar development and settlement have logical sources of funding.

 
Retirement - The business case for settlement starts with retirees leading the way.

 
Path to Settlement - A clear path exists from telerobotics & cargo all the way to large-scale, private settlement.

FUNDING


 
5 Phases - Each phase of lunar development and settlement have logical sources of funding.

 
Lunar COTS - The Moon should be developed using a set of public-private programs.

 
International COTS - The United States should challenge other countries to fund their own companies to compete with ours.

 
Reducing Expenses - A budget can be brought closer to profitability if shipping costs are reduced by using local resources.

 
More Revenue - There are several surprising sources of modest funding once crew arrives on the Moon.

 
International Exploration - NASA's budget can be quickly freed up as other countries purchase commercial seats for lunar exploration.

 
SpaceX Income - SpaceX will generate the revenue it needs via a partnership with NASA, its Starlink constellation, & selling tickets.

 
Earth Independence - At some point, philanthropists will have to fund Earth independent technologies that exceed the needs of a base.

 
Settlement - Each phase of lunar development and settlement have logical sources of funding.

 
Commercial LEO - There's a fair amount of evidence that suggests that "commercializing" LEO will prove to be a budgetary drain.

 
Moon-Mars Analogue Base - Funding for the development of a MMAB will primarily be through philanthropy & Kickstarter campaigns.

MOON-MARS ANALOGUE BASE


 
Comparisons - The MMAB will include a lunar perspective and will be more development and settlement-oriented.

 
Location - Currently Tucson, AZ is identified as the best site for the MMAB.

 
Master Plan - The MMAB will development from the first UniHab all the way to a full, analogue settlement.

 
UniHab - The UniHab will be a large, inflatable, flat-roofed habitat made out of vinyl.

 
Specialty - Follow-on habitats will be "specialty habs" including habs for food, utilities, residence, recreation, etc.

 
Collaboration - There are a number of potential local and distant partners for the analogue base.

 
PR - An analogue base could provide an opportunity for many newsworthy events.

 
Time-lapse - A time lapse video of the UniHab being inflated would make for an interesting visual.

 
Funding - Funding for the development of a MMAB will primarily be through philanthropy & Kickstarter campaigns.

 
Independence - A side project of the MMAB would be to see how far we can get with supplying needs using local resources.

WORKING GROUPS


 
Working Groups - Space Development Network teams working to advance a specific field.

 
Agriculture (AgWG) - Developing a Plan to provide all the nutritional needs of an Initial Crew.

OTHER


 
Asteroid Defense - How big a threat to Earth are asteroids really?

 
Asteroid Mining - Optical mining of asteroids for water for propellant seems like the place to start.

 
BioPreserve - Could Earth's biosphere be backed up in the form of a frozen preserve?.

 
Mars - With the Starship, lessons learned on the Moon would be immediately applied to Mars.

 
Orbital Debris - Fortunately, there are some easy ways of preventing orbital debris.

 
Orbital Settlements - In equatorial LEO, radiation levels are lower and so a good place for settlement.

 
Paraterraforming - Mars can be most quickly transformed using an approach of extending very large greenhouses.

 
Property Rights - What is the difference between real and personal property rights?

 
Phobos-Deimos - Simultaneous to lunar development, in-space steps could be taken to Mars.

 
Robots vs Humans - What's the proper role for humans and robots in exploration, development, & settlement?

 
Sustainability - What are the four flavors that sustainability comes in?

 
Tourism - Tourism will likely play an important role in the development of commercial space..