What is AEI - Earth independence is calculated by measuring how much mass no longer needs to be shipped as the base produces things for itself.

Resources - We know where the ice, organics, metals and other resources are on the Moon.

Artificial Gravity - Will partial gravity be sufficient for generational reproduction. If not, hopefully artificial gravity will help.

Chemistry - The source of organics is well known on both the Moon and Mars. Producing things like plastics is fairly straightforward.

Food - It's very complex but hydroponics seems to be up to the job to produce all of the food that self-sustaining colonists will need.

Nutrition - An Earth independent base would need to meet the nutritional and culinary needs of its crew. How?.

Metals - How can we get metals on the Moon and transform them into usable forms?

Machining - It is complex, but we have a good idea of the source of metals and how to melt, cast, and machine it into parts.

Habitats - Obviously, to survive long term, the colony will have to produce its own habitats. How can this be done?.

Power - Excellent laboratory work has been done demonstrating that solar cells can be produced from known lunar material.

Electronics - Shipping a "sufficient supply" of electronics would buy time to implement protocols to produce good enough electronics.

Genetics - Studies show that frozen embryos are viable for decades and perhaps longer.

Information - What information will the colonists need and how best to store and retrieve it?.

Escape & Quarantine - Surviving is one thing. But ultimately, humanity will have to spread yet further.

Crew - An historic, initial crew of eight (four couples) with a variety of skills, backgrounds, and talents.

Extended Stay - By extending their stay, transport costs are reduced and the risk of crew rotations can be reduced.

Funding - Each phase of lunar development and settlement have logical sources of funding.

Greenhouse - University of Arizona - Tucson has been working on a lunar greenhouse concept.

Intl Exploration - A spreadsheet of newsworthy sites, habitats, and activities on the Moon.

Medical - How could the medical needs of a growing base / settlement be met?

The MMAB - OK. How do advocates go from theorizing Earth independence to demonstrating it starting with an analogue base?

Paraterraforming - Paraterraforming will be a much, much more rapid approach to providing Earth-like environments.

Psychology - Small habitats could lead to cabin fever, affairs, and divorces. How can these be prevented?

Retirement - Retirees make excellent settlers because of their savings and freedom from child rearing and occupational responsibilities.

Tipping Point - What would it take for the Starship to trigger a public-private partnership with NASA?


Animals - The most popular crew member of the Initial Team will be the dog!

Asteroid Defense - How big a threat to Earth are asteroids really?

Asteroid Mining - Optical mining of asteroids for water for propellant seems like the place to start.

BioPreserve - Could Earth's biosphere be backed up in the form of a frozen preserve?.

Commercial Space - Commercial space is good provided that it doesn't tie up funding for the most important goals.

Countries - As the settlement grows, eventually people groups will start to emerge ultimately leading to political independence.

Dance - In 1/6th gravity dance will be an entirely new thing.

Solar Drapes - Minimal mass of supporting structure for maximum solar power generation.

Dust - Lunar dust is a real challenge. How could it be handled?

Funding Settlement - Each phase of lunar development and settlement have logical sources of funding.

Environments - The telerobots would need to first be developed in labs with conditions like what they'll find on the Moon.

Gateway - NASA is pursuing a mini-station in lunar orbit. Is it necessary or can we return to the Moon without it?

History - The first humans beginning to move off Earth indefinitely would be hugely historic...if done right.

ISRU - Different approaches will be used for harvesting and processing resources on Mars compared to the Moon.

Languages - If language was a primary selection criterium, the initial crew of eight would be able to speak to about 70% of the world's population.

Legacy - An administration could have the historic distinction of starting when humanity started moving beyond Earth.

The MMAB - OK. How do advocates go from theorizing Earth independence to demonstrating it starting with an analogue base?

Preservation - As various countries take their first steps on the Moon, how will all of the artifacts be preserved?

Roads - Telerobots could create a network of basic roads for rovers, cargo, and crew.

Orbital Settlements - In equatorial LEO, radiation levels are lower and so a good place for settlement.

Orbital Debris - Fortunately, there are some easy ways of preventing orbital debris.

Periodic Table - The elemental needs for human survival.

Public Engagement - There are quite a number of approaches to capturing the public's interest including TV, VR, and amazing activities.

Property Rights - What is the difference between real and personal property rights?

Radiation - There are solutions for the challenge of radiation in the different settings.

Revenue - There is a clear path for how each phase of lunar development can be funded.

Robots vs Humans - What's the proper role for humans and robots in exploration, development, & settlement?

Sustainability - What are the four flavors that sustainability comes in?

Telerotobs - Concept for an all-in-one telerobot that harvests icy regolith, steams, and distills water for propellant.

Tourism - Tourism will likely play an important role in the development of commercial space..

UniHab - Concept for a large, flat-roofed inflatable habitat for a shielded, turnkey facility.

Working Groups - Space Development Network teams working to advance a specific field.